Шинэ мэдээ

The Ministry of Nature and Environment has issued a resolution dated on 20 April, 2011 (Resolution No:114) to adopt one methodology nationwide on pasture land health monitoring. The new methodology incorporates indicators of ecological potentials and has reached the international standard. It is based on the design developed and tested by the Green Gold Project in cooperation with the National Agency for Meteorology and Hydrology, and Environmental Monitoring in the last 5 years. In parallel to this, between 2009-2010, the Green Gold Project has provided basic tool kits as well as skills training to the technicians of 115 soum meteorological and hydrological stations to apply the new methodology. During the first half year of 2011, 4 regional trainings (Northern, Eastern, Western and Central regions) have  been organized involving 450 technicians from remaining soums in the application of new methodology. Annual monitoring of pasture land health for 2011 will be carried out using the new methodology.

 

Trainees were given an official certificate of skills as the Mongolian Society for Range Management has obtained a license from the Ministry of Science and Education and the Ministry of Justice to issue a certificate of skills. Alongside skills training, the Green Gold Project has released manuals on “Pasture land health monitoring“ and “Reference for the main vegetations of Mongolian pasture lands” and the first time ever “Codex of Mongolian pasture plants” for technicians and national data base creation. The Codex is being used widely by researchers and students.

GG together with the Mongolian National TV, and the State Water Agency initiated TV Program “Green Tour” where publicly well known Mongolians for their positive images in the society have participated. They represent politics, government services, science, culture and religion in MN.

 

The “Green Tour” team has travelled into the west (4 aimags) and east (3 aimags) for 10 days. Their experiences, insights, and adventures occurred during the trip will be made into 40 minutes reality show to be broadcast everyday from 15 August till 30 August after 21.00 hour News.

The program was designed and managed by a crew of young TV professionals and reporters, and meant to expose consequences of the “tragedy of commons” over the use of pasturelands, and to listen to herders’ viewson the site.

During the broadcast, MNTV has received thousands of phone calls and letters from the viewers. Majority of the viewers expressed their concerns over degradation of pastures, frequently occurring  natural disasters and expanding mining industry and its negative effects on the environment and pastures for livestock.


The main purposes are:
 
  • To expose environmental (pasture) challenges through the eyes of these people.
  • To increase public appreciation through better understanding and knowing the challenges.
  • To share local solutions to the challenges
  • To share best practices and lessons from GG.
  • To promote MSRM
  • To implicate Green image of Switzerland to Mongolia


Pasture User Group Association of herders of Ikh Tamir soum of Arkhangai aimag has recently opened a new small scale mineral fodder processing plant. The plant was built with the joint investment of herders.
 
Salt and mineral substances are crucial additions to animal diet. It is known that animals graze in pasturelands with rich minerals grow stronger and tend to loose weight slowly during harsh seasons of winter and spring. These animals also  tend to gain more weight in summer and autumn seasons.
 
Within applied research project being implemented by the Green Gold Project and the Mongolian Society for Range Management, researchers have carried out the study and identified that high mountain and forestry steppe pastures have less resources of natural salt and mineral substances. Based on the research findings, the researchers have developed a recipe of additional mineral fodder  for the animals. It is developed to give animals essential salt and mineral additions and important macro and micro elements as well to support animal health and the resistance. The recipe was tested on the animals.
 
The test results show that if animals are given this additional fodder regularly during summer and autumn, their milk yield will increase by 15-20% and live weight by the same rate. Moreover, weight loss of cattle, sheep and goat have reduced by 10% during winter and spring seasons and their wool and cashmere yields have also increased.
 
The small scale processing plant built in Ikh Tamir soum of Arkhangai aimag has the capacity to produce 60-70 tons for 100 working days. Produced in the form of  brick and well dried, it is durable and not easily erodible, and easy to transport during moving. Researchers recommend that a proper amount to be used by a large animal is 80 gram per day and 8 gram by a small animal during winter and spring time.
 
More detailed information can be obtained from “Arvijin Saijrakh”, Association of Pasture User Groups of Ikh Tamir soum of Arkhangai aimag:
 
Phone: 99792345and 99945112. 

A joint team of experts of SLP and Green Gold Project organized a field learning mission on  collective action models (GG’s Pasture User Groups, and SLP’s Herder Groups) supported by an external consultancy of AGRIDEA (Switzerland) in five soums in western and eastern Mongolia. The mission aimed at comparing the effects of the two approaches and not to evaluate the project approaches, but to learn from both approaches’ strengths and weaknesses, and to draw conclusions about future orientations.

 
SLP’s HG approach mainly focuses risk reduction issues with an economical orientation. Herder groups are invited to submit proposals to improve their livelihood and minimize their risks. The proposals are discussed at bag, soum and aimag level and their funding finally endorsed by the project HQ based in Ulaanbaatar. The main idea is to build and institutionalize a bottom-up and participatory pastureland and risk management model. Proposals by herder groups are incorporated into annual soum pastureland and risk management plans. Thus, SLP strengthens capacity building of the government structure at all levels.
 
GG’s PUG approach targets at transforming open access to public pasturelands into a controlled management system led by Pasture User Groups of herders (PUGs). Herders who share an access to 4 season pastures form a Pasture User Group, and develop and agree on common pasture land use plan and regulations that all its members required to follow.The annual pasture management plan at the level of PUGs, aggregated to a soum level pasture management plan is one key tool of this approach. PUGs are aggregated at a soum to an association (APUG) with the functions to coordinate inter-PUG, inter-bag and inter-soum rotational grazing and movement of herders. The PUG organization has also created a condition for improved collective marketing accessible to PUG members while facilitating a creation of herder business cooperative at the APUG.
The main strength of the HG approach is in the simple trust-based structure with an easy decision making. The main strength of the (A)PUG approach is in the formal structure recognized by the soum, and being able to enforce pasture land planning and implementation at a broader scale.
HG and PUG are not to be seen as competing forms of organizing herders, rather than as complementing each other. Some activities are better undertaken by the small HGs, other by the bigger PUGs or even APUGs. HGs risk to be founded just for the sake of getting access to the 90% project subsidy of SLP. A HG can apply only once for a support from the project.
GG’s matching fund is a rather complex structure with a binding membership. It is based on a 50% subsidy for collective projects and gives access to short term soft loans for individuals.
 
 

In close collaboration with the Standing Committee of Great State Khural on Food, Agriculture and Environment, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry and the Projects “Sustainable Livelihood -2”, “Pre-urban Pasture” and “Green Gold”, Mongolian Society for Range Management initiated organizing a Conference “Towards Improvement of Legal Environment for Pastureland” to improve the Draft Pasture Law submitted to Great State Khural. The Conference was held on October 21, 2010. About 500 participants including the initiators of the Draft Pasture Law, national and foreign scientists, representatives of local governments and herders have took part in the Conference.
The participants of the Conference considered that it is proper to reflect the following items as a main policy in the draft “Law on Pastureland” and discuss it at Great State Khural:
·         To define clearly the principles to be pursued by the State on pastureland as the latter is the property of the State;
·         To classify pastureland by its purpose of use and define boundaries of pastureland belonging to a given classification;
·         legalize possession and use rights in accordance with the specificity of pastureland of a given classification;
·         To identify the forms of pastureland based herders’ institutions, support them and give legal authority on pasture relations;
·         To develop mechanisms for introducing pasture use fee and incentives considering natural regions’ and spatial difference;
·         To establish systems for bearing responsibilities for causing degradation of pastureland;